Criminal Networks

Selected publications are shown below, a complete listing can be found here.

Westlake, B., Bouchard, M. (2015). Criminal careers in cyberspace: Examining website failure within child exploitation networks. Justice Quarterly. Online First.

Publicly accessible, illegal, websites represents an additional challenge for control agencies, but also an opportunity for researchers to monitor, in real-time, changes in criminal careers. Using a repeated measures design, we examine evolution in the networks that form around child exploitation (CE) websites, over a period of sixty weeks, and determine which criminal career dimensions...

Joffres, K., Bouchard, M. (2015). Vulnerabilities in online child pornography networks. In Aili Malm and Gisela Bichler (Eds), Disrupting Criminal networks: Network Analysis in Crime Prevention. Crime Prevention Studies, Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press.

Joffres, K., Bouchard, M. (2015). Vulnerabilities in online child pornography networks. In Aili Malm and Gisela Bichler (Eds), Disrupting Criminal networks: Network Analysis in Crime Prevention. Crime Prevention Studies, Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press. Rienner Amazon

Kreager, D., Schaefer, D., Bouchard, M., Haynie, D., Wakefield, S., Young, J., Zajac, G. (2015). Toward a criminology of inmate networks. Justice Quarterly. Online First.

The mid-twentieth century witnessed a surge of American prison ethnographies focused on inmate society and the social structures that guide inmate life. Ironically, this literature virtually froze in the 1980s just as the country entered a period of unprecedented prison expansion, and has only recently begun to thaw. In this manuscript, we develop a rationale...

Bouchard, M. (Ed.) (2015). Advances in Research on Illicit Networks. New York: Routledge.

Social network analysis finally reached a critical mass of scholars in the field of criminology. The proven track record of network theory and methods in fostering new advances in our understanding of crimes and criminals has extended the web of researchers willing to integrate this approach to their work. It is more than just a...

Bouchard, M., Konarski, R. (2014). Assessing the core membership of a youth gang from its co-offending network. Pp. 81-93 in C. Morselli (Ed.). Crime and Networks. Criminology and Justice Series. New York: Routledge.

The dynamic and sometimes diffuse nature of membership make gang boundaries sometimes difficult to discern for law enforcement officials or researchers, and even for members themselves. The current study draws on social network analysis of co-offending data to assess its utility in identifying the “core” membership of a youth gang active in a rural region...

Nguyen, H., Bouchard, M. (2013). Need, connections, or competence? Criminal achievement among adolescent offenders. Justice Quarterly, 30: 44-83.

Variations in criminal performance have been much less explored than other parameters of criminal careers. We explore the factors associated with differential criminal achievement in a sample of 154 adolescent offenders involved in cannabis cultivation. Drawing from theories of earnings attainment, we examine the role of drug use, criminal social capital and criminal human capital...

Nash, R., Bouchard, M., Malm, A. (2013). Investing in people: Social networks in the diffusion of a large-scale fraud. Social Networks, 35: 686-698.

This paper draws from social network analysis and diffusion theory to study the case of a mortgage fraud that spread undetected for five years in British Columbia, Canada. The fraud is studied from the point of view of 559 victims who unknowingly invested in the Ponzi scheme which defrauded 2285 investors for a total of...

Westlake, B., Bouchard, M., Frank, R. (2011). Finding the key players in online child exploitation networks. Policy and Internet, 3: Article 6 (1-32).

The growth of the Internet has been paralleled with a similar growth in online child exploitation. Since completely shutting down child exploitation websites is difficult (or arguably impossible), the goal must be to find the most efficient way of identifying the key targets and then to apprehend them. Traditionally, online investigations have been manual and...

Bouchard, M., Nguyen, H. (2010). Is it who you know, or how many that counts? Criminal networks and cost avoidance in a sample of young offenders. Justice Quarterly, 27: 130-158.

The aim of the current study is to assess whether criminal networks can help young offenders avoid contacts with the criminal justice system. We examine the association between criminal network and cost avoidance specifically for the crime of cannabis cultivation in a rural region in Quebec, Canada. A self‐report delinquency survey, administered to the region's...